Urology is the medical specialty concerned with diseases of the urinary tract in men and women, and diseases of the genital tract in men. There are about 9,500 practicing urologists in the United States. The typical education track for a urologist is 4 years of medical school, 1 or 2 years of general surgery training, and 3 or 4 years of residency in urology. Some urologists continue their education after residency in a focused area of subspecialty- a fellowship.
Fellowship training in urology can be accomplished in urologic oncology, pediatrics, voiding dysfunction, laparoscopy/endourology, sexual medicine, pelvic reconstructive surgery, clinical research and male infertility. The specialty combines medical and surgical training, and encompasses a wide variety of clinical problems in men and women of all ages. For more about the specialty and the requirements for certification see The American Board of Urology.